Actividad muscular del antebrazo y perfil de prensión manual entre mujeres mayores físicamente activas y sedentarias


Introducción: El proceso de envejecimiento promueve cambios en los músculos esqueléticos que influyen en la fuerza muscular y la fatiga, pero el ejercicio físico tiene un efecto directo en el proceso de envejecimiento. Objetivo: Investigar la fuerza y la fatigabilidad de la fuerza de prensión del antebrazo y las actividades musculares en mujeres mayores dependiendo de su nivel de actividad física. Método: En este estudio transversal se evaluaron los patrones de fuerza muscular rápida, fuerza máxima y fatigabilidad de 32 mujeres mayores durante la fuerza de prensión manual. Se evaluaron ambas manos y se monitorizó simultáneamente la actividad electromiográfica de flexores y extensores del carpo. Los voluntarios se agruparon en dos grupos según su nivel de actividad física. Los resultados se compararon por factores de grupo y tiempo. Resultados: La fuerza muscular rápida y la fuerza isométrica máxima fueron sustancialmente mayores en el grupo activo. Se observó pérdida de fuerza en el grupo activo mientras que en el grupo inactivo se identificó fatiga debida a la actividad muscular. Discusión: El patrón de actividad física de los voluntarios logró cambiar sus estrategias de contracción muscular. El grupo activo practica principalmente entrenamiento de fuerza o entrenamiento combinado que incluye entrenamiento de fuerza con al menos 3 sesiones semanales. Este volumen también fue suficiente para promover un rápido aumento de fuerza y fuerza rápida. Conclusión: El perfil de actividad física de las mujeres mayores de este estudio influyó en la fuerza, la fatigabilidad y la actividad muscular durante la fuerza de prensión manual.

Palabras clave: Envejecimiento, Fuerza de mano, Fatiga muscular, Electromiografía, Actividad física


Aagaard, P., Magnusson, P.S., Larsson, B., Kjær, M., & Krustrup, P. (2007). Mechanical Muscle Function, Morphology, and Fiber Type in Lifelong Trained Elderly. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 39(11), 1989-1996.

Åkesson, I., Hansson, G.-Å., Balogh, I., Moritz, U., & Skerfving, S. (1997). Quantifying work load in neck, shoulders and wrists in female dentists. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 69(6), 461-474.

Alonso, AC, Ribeiro, SM, Luna, NMS, Peterson, MD, Bocalini, DS, Serra, MM, Brech, GC, Greve, JMD, & Garcez-Leme, LE (2018). Association between handgrip strength, balance, and knee flexion/extension strength in older adults. Plos One, 13(6), e0198185.

Amaro-Gahete, FJ, De-la-O, A., Jurado-Fasoli, L., Dote-Montero, M., Gutiérrez, Á., Ruiz, J. R., & Castillo, MJ (2019). Changes in Physical Fitness After 12 Weeks of Structured Concurrent Exercise Training, High Intensity Interval Training, or Whole-Body Electromyostimulation Training in Sedentary Middle-Aged Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Frontiers in Physiology, 10, 451.

Aoki, H., & Demura, S. (2011). Age differences in hand grip power in the elderly. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 52(3), e176-e179.

Aragão-Santos, JC, De Resende-Neto, AG, Nogueira, AC, Feitosa-Neta, ML, Brandão, LH, Chaves, LM, & Da Silva-Grigoletto, ME (2019). The effects of functional and traditional strength training on different strength parameters of elderly women: A randomized and controlled trial. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 59(3).

Avin, K.G., & Frey Law, L.A. (2011). Age-Related Differences in Muscle Fatigue Vary by Contraction Type: A Meta-analysis. Physical Therapy, 91(8), 1153-1165.

Barbalho, M. de S.M., Gentil, P., Izquierdo, M., Fisher, J., Steele, J., & Raiol, R. de A. (2017). There are no no-responders to low or high resistance training volumes among older women. Experimental Gerontology, 99, 18-26.

Boccia, G., Dardanello, D., Rosso, V., Pizzigalli, L., & Rainoldi, A. (2015). The Application of sEMG in Aging: A Mini Review. Gerontology, 61(5), 477-484.

Buch, A., Kis, O., Carmeli, E., Keinan-Boker, L., Berner, Y., Barer, Y., Shefer, G., Marcus, Y., & Stern, N. (2017). Circuit resistance training is an effective means to enhance muscle strength in older and middle aged adults. Ageing Research Reviews, 37, 16-27.

Chodzko-Zajko, WJ, Proctor, DN, Fiatarone Singh, MA, Minson, CT, Nigg, CR, Salem, GJ, & Skinner, JS (2009). Exercise and Physical Activity for Older Adults. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 41(7), 1510-1530.

Goldspink, G. (2012). Age-Related Loss of Muscle Mass and Strength. Journal of Aging Research, 1-11.

Gopinath, B., Kifley, A., Liew, G., & Mitchell, P. (2017). Handgrip strength and its association with functional independence, depressive symptoms and quality of life in older adults. Maturitas, 106, 92-94.

Goss-Sampson, M. (2019). Statistical analysis in JASP: A guide for students. JASP.

Guizelini, P.C., de Aguiar, R.A., Denadai, B.S., Caputo, F., & Greco, C.C. (2018). Effect of resistance training on muscle strength and rate of force development in healthy older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Experimental Gerontology, 102, 51-58.

Kent-Braun, J.A. (2009). Skeletal Muscle Fatigue in Old Age: Whose Advantage? Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 37(1), 3-9.

Krüger, R.L., Aboodarda, S.J., Samozino, P., Rice, C.L., & Millet, G.Y. (2018). Isometric versus Dynamic Measurements of Fatigue: Does Age Matter? A Meta-analysis. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 50(10), 2132-2144.

Labott, B.K., Bucht, H., Morat, M., Morat, T., & Donath, L. (2019). Effects of Exercise Training on Handgrip Strength in Older Adults: A Meta-Analytical Review. Gerontology, 65(6), 686-698.

McGrath, R., Johnson, N., Klawitter, L., Mahoney, S., Trautman, K., Carlson, C., Rockstad, E., & Hackney, KJ (2020). What are the association patterns between handgrip strength and adverse health conditions? A topical review. SAGE Open Medicine, 8, 205031212091035.

McLeod, M., Breen, L., Hamilton, D.L., & Philp, A. (2016). Live strong and prosper: The importance of skeletal muscle strength for healthy ageing. Biogerontology, 17(3), 497-510.

Merletti, R., & Lo Conte, L.R. (1997). Surface EMG signal processing during isometric contractions. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 7(4), 241-250.

Nelson, ME, Rejeski, WJ, Blair, SN, Duncan, PW, Judge, JO, King, AC, Macera, CA, & Castaneda-Sceppa, C. (2007). Physical Activity and Public Health in Older Adults: Recommendation from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 39(8), 1435-1445.

Powell, D.M.C., Spencer, M.B., Holland, D., Broadbent, E., & Petrie, K.J. (2007). Pilot fatigue in short-haul operations: Effects of number of sectors, duty length, and time of day. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 78(7), 698-701.

Power, GA, Minozzo, FC, Spendiff, S., Filion, ME, Konokhova, Y., Purves-Smith, MF, Pion, C., Aubertin-Leheudre, M., Morais, JA, Herzog, W., Hepple, RT, Taivassalo, T., & Rassier, DE (2016). Reduction in single muscle fiber rate of force development with aging is not attenuated in world class older masters athletes. American Journal of Physiology-Cell Physiology, 310(4), C318-C327.

Rocha, JNDS, Vasconcelos, ABS, Aragão-Santos, JC, De Resende-Neto, AG, Monteiro, MRP, Nogueira, AC, Cardoso, AP, Corrêa, CB, Moura, TRD, & Da Silva-Grigoletto, ME (2023). A single-set functional training program increases muscle power, improves functional fitness, and reduces pro-inflammatory cytokines in postmenopausal women: A randomized clinical trial. Frontiers in Physiology, 14, 1054424.

Schlüssel, M.M., dos Anjos, L.A., de Vasconcellos, M.T.L., & Kac, G. (2008). Reference values of handgrip dynamometry of healthy adults: A population-based study. Clinical Nutrition, 27(4), 601-607.

Severijns, D., Lamers, I., Kerkhofs, L., & Feys, P. (2015). Hand grip fatigability in persons with multiple sclerosis according to hand dominance and disease progression. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 47(2), 154-160.

Shair, E.F., Ahmad, S.A., Marhaban, M.H., Mohd Tamrin, S.B., & Abdullah, A.R. (2017). EMG Processing Based Measures of Fatigue Assessment during Manual Lifting. BioMed Research International, 1-12.

Ultramari, VRLM, Calvo, APC, Rodrigues, RAS, Fett, WCR, Neto, JUDM, De França Ferraz, A., Kommers, MJ, Borges, HHS, Viana, MV, Cattafesta, M., Salaroli, LB, & Fett, CA (2020). Physical and functional aspects of persons with multiple sclerosis practicing Tai-Geiko: Randomized trial. Clinics, 75, e1272.

Wang, E., Nyberg, SK, Hoff, J., Zhao, J., Leivseth, G., Tørhaug, T., Husby, OS, Helgerud, J., & Richardson, RS (2017). Impact of maximal strength training on work efficiency and muscle fiber type in the elderly: Implications for physical function and fall prevention. Experimental Gerontology, 91, 64-71.

Wiśniowska-Szurlej, A., Ćwirlej-Sozańska, A., Wołoszyn, N., Sozański, B., & Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, A. (2019). Association between Handgrip Strength, Mobility, Leg Strength, Flexibility, and Postural Balance in Older Adults under Long-Term Care Facilities. BioMed Research International, 1-9.

Biografía del autor/a

Anna Cristina de Farias Marques,

Adriano Percival Calderaro Calvo,

Daniel Tineu Leite Maia,

Maysa Alves Rodrigues Brandão Rangel,

Rodolfo Paula Vieira,

Regiane Albertini Carvalho,

Flávio Aimbire Soares de Carvalho,

Cómo citar
Marques, A. C. de F., Calvo, A. P. C., Maia, D. T. L., Rangel, M. A. R. B., Vieira, R. P., Carvalho, R. A., & Carvalho, F. A. S. de. (2023). Actividad muscular del antebrazo y perfil de prensión manual entre mujeres mayores físicamente activas y sedentarias. Lecturas: Educación Física Y Deportes, 28(306), 107-122.
Artículos de Investigación